Around 175 years ago - on May 1, 1843 - today's Old State Gallery was opened as the "Museum of Fine Arts. The anniversary was an occasion for us to recount the eventful history of the museum and its collection using important milestones as examples. The focus was on the controversies, because at all times the institution museum struggled with society about its tasks.
Around 90 exemplary paintings, graphic works, photographs and archival materials trace the path of the Staatsgalerie to becoming a house of modern art for which it is internationally renowned.
Visitors were sent on a journey in time capsules that took them from the founding years, through the dawn of modernism - at the beginning of the 20th century - and the National Socialist era, to the opening of the New State Gallery in 1984 - with its reorientation into an exhibition house - and on into the future.
Curiosities such as a well-made copy of the Mona Lisa, which was initially thought to be an original work by Leonardo da Vinci, are as much a part of the history of the collection as the early and pioneering acquisition of French Impressionists or the "Stuttgart Museum Miracle" - the purchase of the Moltzau Collection with the help of the Toto Lotto Fund, which was set up specifically for this purpose. With the acquisition of 30 paintings of Classical Modernism from this collection, the Staatsgalerie advanced in one fell swoop to a collection of Modernism of European standing.