The collection of 19th century drawings and prints comprises around 20.000 sheets. It covers all the central styles, with French Impressionism and Swabian Classicism occupying a prominent place.
From 1900 onwards, French Impressionism and Post-Impressionism became a focal point of the Staatsgalerie's collection. Drawings and prints by artists such as Paul Cézanne, Eduard Manet, Camille Pissarro, Auguste Renoir, Paul Gauguin and Edouard Vuillard enter the collection. A rarity by Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec is the unique colour lithograph series "Elles". Works on paper by artists such as Aristide Maillol or Auguste Rodin, the two great names of 19th century French sculpture, are also part of the collection.
In addition to works by the classicist sculptor Johann Heinrich Dannecker, other important classicists are represented in the collection thanks to extensive bequest collections by Joseph Anton Koch, Gottlieb Schick or Eberhard Wächter. With works by Caspar David Friedrich, Carl Philipp Fohr and Philipp Otto Runge, the collection is expanded to include works from the Romantic period. Wilhelm Leibl and Adolph Menzel as well as Jean-François Millet and Honoré Daumier are exemplary for German and French realism, respectively.
Both a significant number of illustrated books (around 17.000) and the "Olga Album" compiled by Queen Olga of Württemberg with 86 watercolours and gouaches showing interior views of her living and representation rooms give the 19th century collection a special accent.
Also noteworthy is a collection of several hundred Japanese woodblock prints by artists such as Utagawa Hiroshige, Katsushika Hokusai and Utagawa Toyokuni III.