21.11.2014 – 24.05.2015

Schlemmer’s Artistic Companions

Adolf Hölzel‘s Influence on Schlemmer

Oskar Schlemmer’s fellow artists studied with him at the Stuttgart Akademie between 1906 and 1919 and were pupils of Adolf Hölzel. Since a number of these students were dissatisfied with the traditional teaching methods practiced at the school, Hölzel was very popular among the younger generation. With a painting style that took Goethe’s color theory as a point of departure, he broke new paths with abstract color surfaces, and his special promotion of the pastel technique also met with enthusiastic response. In the early twentieth century, a “Hölzel circle” formed – like the “Brücke” in Dresden and the “Blauer Reiter” in Munich a further center of Classical Modern art in Germany.

Oskar Schlemmer and the “Üecht” Group

Disappointed and faced with animosities on many fronts, Hölzel left the Akademie in 1919. Oskar Schlemmer, Willi Baumeister, Gottfried Graf, Edmund Daniel Kinzinger, Albert Mueller and Hans Spiegel then founded the “Üecht” Group. The name, inspired by the Old High German word “uohta” (meaning dawn or daybreak), was intended as a metaphor for the hopes of artistic and social renewal cherished by many artists‘ groups after World War I. One of the group’s foremost aims was to have Paul Klee come to Stuttgart as Hölzel’s successor; but the plan failed owing to the conservative art climate in the town.

We are presenting a number of works executed in this period, both in the exhibition room of the Department of Prints, Drawings and Photographs and in the Large State Exhibition “Oskar Schlemmer ‒ Visions of a New World”.



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